Multicomponent Spectroscopic Investigations of Salivary Antioxidant Consumption by an Oral Rinse Preparation Containing the Stable Free Radical Species Chlorine Dioxide (CIO2)
Lynch E, Sheerin A, Claxson AWD, Atherton MD, Rhodes CJ, Silwood CJL, Naughton DP, and Grootveld M
Free Radical Research, Vol. 26, pp. 209-234; 1997
A multicomponent evaluation of the oxidative consumption of salivary biomolecules by a commercially-available oral rinse preparation containing an admixture of the stable free radical species chlorine dioxide (ClO2.) with chlorite anion (ClO2-) has been investigated using high resolution 1H NMR spectroscopy. The results obtained demonstrated that ClO2. and/or ClO2- present in this preparation effected the oxidative decarboxylation of salivary pyruvate (to acetate and CO2). Experiments conducted on chemical model systems confirmed the oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate by this oral rinse, and also demonstrated that urate, thiocyanate anion, and the amino acids cysteine and methionine (precursors to volatile sulphur compounds responsible for oral malodour), were oxidatively consumed. The biochemical, periodontal and therapeutic significance of the results are discussed.